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Climate Change, Summit ONU (New York) e G20 (Pittsburgh) | 22-25 settembre 2009

di - 3 Ottobre 2009
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vi)To address climate change and achieve sustainable development is an urgent and long-term task for all of us. It bears on the living environment of mankind and the development prospects of all countries, and calls for the unremitting efforts of the whole world.
vii) The principle of common but differentiated responsibilities embodies the consensus of the international community. Adherence to this principle is critical to keeping international cooperation on climate change on the right track.
viii)Both developed and developing countries should take active steps to tackle climate change. We should act in keeping with the provisions of the UNFCCC and its Kyoto Protocol (…). Developed countries should fulfill the task of emission reduction set in the Kyoto Protocol, continue to undertake substantial mid-term quantified emission reduction targets, and support developing countries in countering climate change. Developing countries should, in the light of their national conditions and with the financial and technological support of developed countries, work hard to adapt to climate change and do  their best to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (…). Developed countries should support developing countries in tackling climate change. This is not only their responsibility, but also serves their long-term interest.
ix)China will further integrate actions on climate change into its economic and social development plan.
x)I am convinced that as long as we adopt a responsible attitude toward our respective countries and mankind as a whole, proceed from the present reality while looking ahead to the future, uphold the UNFCCC and its Kyoto Protocol as the primary channel, stay committed to the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and the mandate of the Bali Roadmap, we will makethe Copenhagen Conference a new milestone in the international cooperation on climate change. China stands ready to join hands with all countries to build an even better future for the generations to come.

INTERVENTO DEL PRIMO MINISTRO GIAPPONESE

i)     Climate change affects the entire globe and requires long-term and international efforts. Thus, it is imperative for all countries to address the issue under the principle of “common but differentiated responsibilities”.
ii)    Based on the discussions in the intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), I believe that the developed countries need to take the lead in emissions reduction efforts. It is my view that Japan should positively commit itself to setting a long-term reduction target. For its mid-term goal, Japan will aim to reduce its emissions by 25% by 2020, if compared to the 1990 level, consistent with what the science calls for in order to halt global warming.
iii)  It is imperative to establish a fair and effective international framework in which all major economies participate. The commitment of Japan to the world is premised on agreement on ambitious targets by all the major economies.
iv)   Public financial assistance and technology transfer to developing countries are critically important. However, they alone will not meet the financial needs of developing countries. I therefore intend to work with world leaders on creating a mechanism that not only ensures the effective use of public funds but also facilitates the flow of private investments.
v)    Japan proposes to establish a framework to promote the transfer of low-carbon technologies which ensures the protection of intellectual property rights.
vi)   I wish to make a strong appeal to you to work together, so that we will be able to make significant achievements at COP 15 in December and that the people of the world will be able to say that their leaders made crucial decisions for the sake of future generations.

INTERVENTO DEL SEGRETARIO GENERALE DELLE NAZIONI UNITE

i)     Greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise. We will soon reach critical thresholds. Consequences that we cannot reverse.
ii)    The world’s leading scientists warn that we have less than ten years to avoid the worst-case scenarios projected by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
iii)  Indeed those worst-case scenarios are becoming ever more likely. We must halt the rise in global emissions.
iv)   Earlier this month I was in the Artic. I was alarmed by the rapid pace of change. The Artic could be nearly ice-free by 2030. The consequences will be felt by people on every continent.
v)    Climate change is the pre-eminent geopolitical and economic issue of the 21st century. It rewrites the global equation for development, peace  and prosperity. It will increase pressure on water, food and land (…) reverse years of development gains (…) exacerbate poverty (…) destabilize fragile states and topple governments.

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