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Climate Change, Summit ONU (New York) e G20 (Pittsburgh) | 22-25 settembre 2009

di - 3 ottobre 2009
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Nei giorni scorsi si sono svolti due importanti Summit internazionali che hanno affrontato, tra l’altro, il tema delle criticità ambientali.

CLIMATE CHANGE: SUMMIT ONU

Nel corso del Summit sono stati effettuati interventi estremamente significativi che qui di seguito riepiloghiamo citando i passaggi, a nostro avviso, più significativi.

INTERVENTO DEL PRESIDENTE DEGLI STATI UNITI

i)     The threat from climate change is serious, it is urgent, and it is growing.
ii)    Our generation’s response to this challenge will be judged by history, for if we fail to meet it – boldly, swiftly, and together – we risk consigning future generations to an irreversible catastrophe.
iii)  John F. Kennedy once observed that “Our problems are man-made, therefore they may be solved by man”.
iv)   We understand the gravity of the climate threat. We are determined to act. And we will meet our responsibility to future generations.
v)    It is work that will not be easy. As we head towards Copenhagen, there should be no illusions that the hardest part of our journey is in front of us (…). Unease is no excuse for inaction. And we must not allow the perfect to become the enemy of progress. Each of us must do what we can when we can to grow our economies without endangering our planet – and we must all do it together. We must seize the opportunity to make Copenhagen a significant step forward in the global fight against climate change.
vi)   But those rapidly growing developing nations that will produce nearly all the growth in global carbon emissions in the decades ahead must do their part, as well. Some of these nations have already made great strides with the development and deployment of clean energy. Still, they need to commit to strong measures at home and agree to stand behind those commitments just as the developed nations must stand behind their own. We cannot meet this challenge unless all the largest emitters of greenhouse gas pollution act together. There’s no other way.
vii) We must also energize our efforts to put other developing nations – especially the poorest and most vulnerable – on a path to sustained growth. These nations do not have the same resources to combat climate change as countries like the United States or China do, but they have the most immediate stake in a solution (…) we have a responsibility to provide the financial and technical assistance needed to help these nations adapt to the impacts of climate change and pursue low-carbon development.
viii)   What we are seeking, after all, is not simply an agreement to limit greenhouse gas emissions. We seek an agreement that will allow all nations to grow and raise living standards without endangering the planet.
ix)   By developing and disseminating clean technology and sharing our know-how, we can help developing nations leap-frog dirty energy technologies and reduce dangerous emissions.
x)    The good news is that after too many years of inaction and denial, there’s finally widespread recognition of the urgency of the challenge before us. We know what needs to be done. We know that our planet’s future depends on a global commitment to permanently reduce greenhouse gas pollution. We know that if we put the right rules and incentives in place, we will unleash the creative power of our best scientist and engineers and entrepreneurs to build a better world.

INTERVENTO DEL PRESIDENTE DELLA REPUBBLICA POPOLARE CINESE

i)     Global climate change has a profound impact on the existence and development of mankind, and is a major challenge facing all countries.
ii)All countries have deepened their understanding, built consensus and stepped forward to meet the challenge. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change  (UNFCCC) and its Kyoto Protocol have now been universally recognized as the primary channel to address climate change.
iii)The principle of common but differentiated responsibilities has been established as the basis for closer international cooperation. And sustainable development and harmony between man and nature has become the common goal of all parties.
iv)At stake in the fight against climate change are the common interests of the entire world, and the development interests and people’s well-being of the vast number of developing nations in particular.
v)It is imperative to give full consideration to the development stage and basic needs of developing countries in addressing climate change. Both their historical and per capita emissions are low. Due to their low development level and shortage of capital and technology, developing countries have limited capability and means to deal with climate change. (…) For developing countries, the top priority now is to grow economy, eradicate poverty and improve livelihood.

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